New Young Lives Publication: What Inequality Means for Children: Evidence from Young Lives
Understanding how poverty and inequalities affect children is central to understanding the impact of the MDGs and development of the post-2015 agenda. This paper draws together research from across the Young Lives longitudinal study of child poverty to answer questions about how inequality shapes children’s development.
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The conclusions are wide-ranging – spanning education, health and nutrition, and psychosocial development. Overall, the evidence is clear – that children from the poorest households are most vulnerable and quickly fall behind their peers, in terms of equality of opportunity as well as outcomes.
Tracking children over 15 years enables us to see how gender-based differences evolve over the life-course, highlighting trigger points that shape different opportunities for girls and boys. We see that while stunting is still widespread, there is also evidence of partial recovery for some children. This reinforces the evidence that investment in early childhood is essential, but shows that later interventions to support older children are also important. We also highlight the impact of diverse school systems on inequalities in terms of access, quality and outcomes, and the role that schools may play in reducing – or all too often, amplifying – differences.
Since inequalities are multidimensional, so too must be the response. Equitable growth policies, education and health services, underpinned by effective social protection, all have a role to play.
New publications by Young Lives
- What Inequality Means for Children 28 Jan 2013
- Understanding Community Variation and Change in Ethiopia 17 Dec 2012
- Improving Education Quality, Equity and Access in Ethiopia 03 Dec 2012
- School Management and Decision-making in Ethiopian Government Schools 01 Dec 2012
- Children's Experiences and Perceptions of Poverty in Ethiopia 26 Oct 2012
For more information visit the Young Lives website: www.younglives.org.uk