Children in Emergencies
Research based information about children in emergencies and humanitarian relief work for children is not as abundant as it is urgent. Below we have gathered links to research based publications, knowledge consortia and networks and central NGO resources on the subject. The list is by no means exhaustive and we welcome submissions of links and references to relevant resources. Childwatch International encourages all organizations and individuals involved in humanitarian emergency assistance to learn from past experiences both in the urgency of the situation and in rebuilding societies for children.
Knowledge Consortia and Networks
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is a unique inter-agency forum for coordination, policy development and decision-making involving the key UN and non-UN humanitarian partners.
CPC Learning Network - Agency Learning Network on the Care and Protection of Children in Crisis-Affected Countries
Inter Agency Network for Education in Emergencies - network of practitioners and policy makers working together to ensure all persons the right to quality education and a safe learning environment in emergencies and post-crisis recovery.
The Early Childhood in Emergencies Working Group (EEWG) - The EEWG is co-convened by UNICEF and Save the Children and includes more than 100 organizations and individuals working in early childhood, emergencies and other related fields. It works under the umbrella of the Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development.
The Children and War Foundation has been created to ensure that more solid knowledge about children can be gathered, and then used to improve the care of all children affected by war and disaster.
The Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP) Evaluative Reports Database is useful for finding evaluations of emergency responses for children.
The Better Care Network brings together organizations and individuals concerned about children without adequate family care. See their web resources for Separated Children in an Emergency.
Child Protection Working Group of the Humanitarian Support Unit of OCHA - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- Dickens, Jonathan Social Policy Approaches to Inter-Country Adoption International Social Work 52(5): 595–607 Sage Publications: Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore and Washington DC. This article by senior lecturer of Social Work at the University of East Anglia, UK, highlights the tensions and ambiguities of the policy contexts and consequences of inter-country adoption.
Litterature reviews published by the US National Research Council Roundtable on the Demography of Forced Migration. Can be downloaded for free:
- Loughry, Maryanne and Carola Eyber, Editors, (2003) Psychosocial Concepts in Humanitarian Work with Children: A Review of the Concepts and Related Literature Program on Forced Migration and Health at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
- Moss, William J., Meenakshi Ramakrishnan, Dory Storms, Anne Henderson Siegle, William M. Weiss, and Lulu Muhe (2006) Child Health in Complex Emergencies - a review of published literature. Program on Forced Migration and Health, Mailman School of Public Health Columbia University
- An extensive reference list of litterature on Children and Adolescents, Trauma and Disasters, compiled by Dr. Atle Dyregrov, is made available on the web site of The Children and War Foundation
- Penrose, A. and Mie Takaki (2006) Children's Rights in Emergencies The Lancet 2006; 367: 698–99
- Child Development: Special Section on DISASTERS AND THEIR IMPACT ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT, Volume 81, Issue 4
IGO and NGO resources
After the Cameras Have Gone - Publication by Plan International argues that the protection of children and their right to participate in decisions made about their future may be overlooked if patterns of previous disasters are followed.
Early Childhood Development in Emergencies - UNICEF resource page, including links to eductional material
Haiti Earthquake and Inter-Country Adoption of Children Information Note by Hague Conference on Private International Law
Statement on Inter-Country Adoption after the Haiti earthquake by the International Social Service (ISS) and the International Reference Centre for the Rights of Children Deprived of their Family
OECD, Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States
Manuals and Tool Kits
INEE Guidance Notes on Teaching and Learning articulates good practice on critical issues related to curricula adaptation and development, instruction and learning processes, teacher training and support, and the assessment of learning outcomes, focusing on the importance of quality side of Education for All.
INEE Reference Guide on External Education Financing provides an overview of the different types of mechanisms for financing education in order to help governments, policy makers and civil society better understand the ways in which donors provide education assistance, how various funding mechanisms work and why donors choose one funding mechanism over another
INEE Pocket Guide to Gender distils essential gender equality programming principles and provides concrete strategies for putting gender equality into practice. It is intended for anyone working to provide, manage or support education services as part of emergency preparedness, response or recovery
Non-Discrimination in Emergencies: Training Manual and Toolkit - Save the Children (2006) This manual provides a foundation for those involved in emergency response to improve their focus on the most powerless groups, and ensure that emergency responses are more effective. It builds on the experiences of Save the Children’s work in emergencies across the world
Delivering Education to Children in Emergencies: A Key Building Block for the Future - International Save the Children Alliance
Recommendations by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child from the Day of General Discussion on The Right of the Child to Education in Emergency Situations, Geneva 2008
INEE Minimum Standards Handbook is the only global tool that articulates the minimum level of educational quality and access in emergencies through to recovery, providing good practices for coordinated action by education practitioners and policy makers in governments and international and national agencies.